On 15 Oct 1957,
the 302nd ASA Bn was inactivated
in Herzogenaurach. The Bn's personnel and mission were transferred
to the concurrently organized 318th USASA Bn,
a tables of distribution and allowances (TDA) unit.
At the same, the 183rd USASA Company was formed. It held the Operators
and T/A's from other units around Germany, including from the 339th
ASA Co. Initially, the main operations (intercept) work at Herzo was
done by the 6th USASA Field Station. But, it appears that in March
1959, 6th USASA Fld Sta merged into the 183rd ASA Co, 318th ASA Bn.
Personnel and mission of Detachment L, 180th USASA Co at Nottau near
the Czech/Austrian, were transferred to the 318th USASA Bn in April
or May of 1958. The unit became Detachment K-2, Co A, 318th USASA
On 15 May 1960, the 182nd USASA Co was relieved from assignment to
the 319th USASA Bn and reassigned to the 318th.
Det A, B Co, 318th in Göppingen provided COMSEC support to 4th
Det B, B Co, 318th in Würzburg provided COMSEC support to 3rd
In addition to manning Herzo Base, the 318th also maintained several
outstations at Schneeberg (Det J-1), Mähring (Det L-1) and Hoherbogen
In the early 1960's, a detachment of the 279th ASA Company, with HQs
in Frankfurt, was located at Schneeberg. That detachment was transferred
to the 318th USASA Bn and redesignated as Det J-1 of HQ/HQ and Svc
Company, 318th ASA Bn. The detachment operated a fixed field site
using the AN/ALR-8 and the AN/TLR-1.
In the latter years, the Battalion was designed to keep all of the
tactical equipment and during hostilities, get personnel from the
Field Station at Herzo as fillers. The battalion would exercise this
aspect several times a year.
The 318th ASA Bn was discontinued on 3 May 1971 as a result of an
effort to centralize ASA operations in Germany at a new station at
Augsburg, Germany. When Field Station Herzogenaurach was discontinued
on 30 June 1972, it also marked the end of ASA's presence at Herzo
Base. Herzo Base was turned over to a US artillery unit and subsequently
became known as Herzo Arty Base.
special thank you to Walter
Elkins, webmaster for US
Army in Germany for his permission to add this info.